Doctor! Do I get an infection after a root canal? What are the signs of infection after a root canal? It is one of the most common questions that my patients ask before a root canal procedure.

If you are one of them, then you are in the right place. Yes! Root canal treated teeth do get infected. Here are few signs through which we can identify an infected root canal treated teeth.

Although it is rare, it is not impossible for a root canal treated teeth to be infected. The severity of infection might range from a small pain to severe swelling.

Every patient needs to be aware and identify the symptoms as early as possible to prevent complete loss of teeth. Moreover, early intervention can increase the lifespan of the root canal tooth.

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Causes of infection after a root canal

What causes infection in a root canal treated teeth? The answer to this question is multifactorial. Here are a few common reasons for infection after a root canal.

Incomplete root canal

Note incomplete root obturation in one of the canals.

Failure to complete the root canal procedure might be one of the reasons for a secondary infection. It could be the patient’s sheer irresponsibility in attending the complete treatment or might be the doctor’s negligence in completing the root canal.

Every root canal procedure ends with a successful filling of the canal with an inert material called gutta-percha. This procedure is called obturation. If the obturation is incomplete, then the canal provides ample space for bacteria to re-grow and re-infect the root canal.

Pain from teeth usually subsides on the first day of the root canal treatment itself. In such conditions, few patients might neglect to revisit the dentist. It leads to an incomplete root canal procedure.

Chronic infection leading to root resorption

Note the root resorption in one of the roots. It indicates a root canal failure.

Teeth with the disease produce chronic abscess below the root. In a few conditions, the abscess can induce root resorption. In simple words, the pus accumulated below roots can degrade the root causing root resorption.

Such root resorptions are not ideal for root canal treatments. Treatment in such teeth might lead to re-infection.

Fractured root

The fractured root can result in root canal failure.

Each teeth contains a vital region called pulp in the centre of the teeth. The essential area includes nerves and blood vessels.

When a tooth gets infected to its core, the vital region becomes decomposed or destroyed. At the same time, the teeth become dry and brittle.

When root canal procedure is done in such teeth, there are ample chances for the root to be fractured. The fractures in the root during the treatment are difficult to diagnose. But patients often complain of severe pain in teeth after root canal procedure.

Teeth with a fracture in a canal are not ideal for root canal treatment. If such teeth are treated with root canal procedures, there are ample chances for the teeth to get re-infection.

Delayed crowning

What is the ideal time to place a crown over the teeth? Is it immediately after the root canal procedure?

It is a familiar doubt everyone gets after their root canal treatment. The answer to this question varies from doctor to doctor.

Some dentists prefer immediate crowning after the root canal procedure, while others prefer waiting for some time.

We usually prefer to wait at least for a week after the root canal procedure. This gives ample time for the dentist to observe how teeth are responding to root canal treatment. If everything goes well, we advise patients to go for a crown after one week.

But, few patients might miss the appointments after one week. This could turn out to be challenging for the patients and dentists.

A root canal treated teeth lacks nutrient supply. As a result, the teeth become non-vital and brittle. Such teeth cannot bear extreme stress and often gets chipped off. A crown in such conditions can act as a protective layer around the teeth. 

Root canal treated teeth without a crown can break during eating. It can lead to re-infection.

What is the right time to crown teeth after root canal procedure?

Root abnormalities (accessory canals, curved roots)

Note 2 accessory canals in the root (boxed)

Depending on the type of teeth, the number of root canals ranges from one to three. Few teeth might have extra canals.

In addition to it, few teeth might have tiny canals around the central canal called accessory canals.

The accessory canals are difficult to identify in regular radiographs. Hence dentists might overlook them during root canal procedure. Such treatments lead to severe pain after the root canal procedure.

Few teeth have abnormal root morphology. A deep curve in the root is difficult to treat. Such canals are called dilacerated canals.

Dentists often struggle in obturating them. It can lead to incomplete root canal treatment.

Five signs of infection after a root canal

Re-infection of a root canal should be identified at an early stage. Here are five vital signs which indicate re-infection in your teeth.

Persistent pain

Pain is a common symptom in patients with deep caries. The pain usually subsides after root canal treatment. Few patients might sense mild discomfort for a week, even after a root canal.

But, persistent, severe pain even after root canal procedure is a sign of root canal failure, or infection in root canal treated teeth.

Pain after the root canal. How to manage.

Pimple-like structures on gums

Few patients might find a pimple-like structure on the gums, right above the root canal treated teeth. It is a blister containing pus. Such a presentation is a sign of re-infection.

Such a condition is called a dentoalveolar abscess, which might arise if the root canal procedure is not done in aseptic conditions.

Gum swellings

Some patients often experience severe gum swelling after the root canal procedure. Such engorgement could be from a re-infected root canal.

Mobile teeth

An increase in the mobility of teeth after the root canal is a sign of root canal failure. If a patient experiences increased mobility of treated teeth, the possible reason could be a secondary periodontal infection.

In simple words, the root canal treated teeth gets re-infected. The infection from the root canal enters into the surrounding supporting structure of teeth, which is called as the periodontium. It results in increased mobility of teeth.


Infection from teeth can spread into the blood. Such a condition is called septicemia. If the infection does not subside in a root canal treated teeth, it has an excellent chance to enter into the primary bloodstream.

Patients with a fever after a root canal procedure might experience such septicemia conditions. It is a sign of patent infection in a root canal treated teeth.

Treatment options


Some infections do reside after root canal treatment. It is called a residual infection. It has to be cleared by our body’s immune system. This is the reason why patients suffer from mild pain even after root canal treatment.

But this pain is of mild intensity and will be relieved within a span of 1 week or ten days. The healing process can be accelerated by using a few pain killers.

If pain persists even after medication, then opt for the next treatment options.

Second root canal

Severe pain after root canal procedure might be a sign of root canal infection. In such conditions, your dentist might opt for a re-root canal procedure or a second root canal procedure.

video credits: Vaswani Dental Practice


A persistent abscess associated with root resorption might cause root canal failure. Such teeth require apicoectomy. It is a procedure where the apex of the infected root is removed and closed with a restorative material.

video credits: Clínica Médico Dental Pardiñas


If no treatment produces relief from pain, the last treatment option might be extraction or teeth removal.

Preserving the natural teeth is vital as no alternative fits precisely into its place.

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